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Anjungan Kalimantan Timur




The East Kalimantan Pavilion present the “rumah lamin” the traditional house of the Dayak Kenyah as the main building, the rice barn (kerangking), the “lungun” ( a place to lay away the dead), a stage building and a number of “Dayak Bahau” statues.



The”lamin” house is a  very long house on pillars, but in a row and occupied by tens of families – and can even house up to 200 persons – as is the case with the traditional “Dayak” house. The difference lies only with the name and the details. The building is entitely built of “ulin” (a very hard wood), black and imperishable wood.



The “lamin” lay out consist of a series of similar buildings consisting of a long hall functioning as a place for meetings, to carry out traditional ceremonies, and a bedroom for men, youngsters and male visitors. On the left and right of the front hall is a row of rooms functioning as the bedroom for the family and daughters, while the kitchen and family dining room are behind the bedrooms.



The “lamin” decorations are in the form of carvings containing certain  meanings and symbols, in a stylish pattern, interwoven entwined, resulting in an abstract and specific ornament such as a dragon, a horn bill, a squid, a mask and a human skeleton, For the ”Dayak” ethnic group the dragon is the symbol for supernatural power, strength and heroism: the horn bill is a symbol of high status, grandeur and aristocracy, the squid symbolizes democracy, while the mask and human skeleton symbolize peace. The colors used are yellow, red, blue, and white, having the meaning of grandeur, courage, dedication and chastity.



In front of the “lamin” are two rows of human and animal statues to guard the “lamin” and all the inhabitants, among others a monkey and a crocodile on their heads. According to the “Dayak” belief, a statue that faces east and to the direction of sunrise has the power to assist in bringing fortune and goodness, while a statue that faces south functions to ward off misfortune or evil spirits who are about to annoy. The statues are called “sambaing lawing” in the “Dayak Tunjung” language.  Next to the statue is a “blontang”, a tall wooden pole to fasten the animals to be sacrificed – usually a water buffalo or a cow – in a traditional ceremony.



In the East Kalimantan Pavilion, the “lamin” is used to exhibit various cultural objects and high quality product from each regency / munipality, among other handicraft products, paintings of various “Dayak” traditional ceremonies, and ceremonial articles such as “guci” (porcelain jug) and “tempayan” (large water jar made of clay). In another section there are various East Kalimantan products, traditional costumes and weapons and specific tools of the “Dayak” ethnic group.



Behind the pavilion is a “lungun”, a carved case on poles to store the dead of the “Dayak Benuaq” ethnic group. In another corner there is a rice-barn (“kerangking”), originally used to store rice and harvest products of the “Dayak Kenyah” ethnic group. In the East Kalimantan Pavilion, the “kerangking” is used as an office.



The stage building with lively carvings as the back, ground is utilized to present art performances on Sundays and holidays, among others the “jepun” dance, the “hudog” dance and traditional ceremonies.



The East Kalimantan Pavilion has been visited by among others Mrs. Kurt Waldheim, spouse of the United Nations Secretary General, Mr. Taha Yassin Ramadhan, Vice President of Iraq and Mr. Therese Augustine Zafy, President of Madagaskar.